What is Beneficial Ownership Information Reporting?

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What is Beneficial Ownership Information Reporting?

Beneficial ownership information (“BOI”) reporting is a new rule issued by FINCEN requiring business owners to provide information about the individuals who own / control certain business entities.

Here's a basic summary of the BOI rules… more information can be found on the FinCEN website or by booking an appointment with BOSS Advisors.


The Corporate Transparency Act of 2020 is finally taking effect. The purpose is to help prevent the creation of anonymous shell companies, which is intended to help prevent money laundering and other financial crimes.


The BOI requirements begin on January 1, 2024. Existing companies must file their first report before January 1, 2025. Entities formed after January 1, 2024 must file their first report within 30 days of creation / registration with the state.


“Domestic reporting companies” – corps, LLCs, and entities registered with the secretary of state or similar office under the law of a state or tribe.
“Foreign reporting companies” – corps, LLCs, and entities formed under state or tribal law that are registered to do business in another state.


“Beneficial ownership” means a person who:

(a)  Directly or indirectly exercises “substantial control” over a company, or

(b)  Directly or indirectly owns or controls 25% or more of a company’s ownership interests.

A person can be a “beneficial owner” if they exercise significant influence over the activities and decisions of an entity, even if they don’t own a substantial portion of the company or have a formal title, such as CEO.

Beneficial owners could also include family members.


BOI reporting will be done on FinCEN’s website. Reporting must include:

  • The business’s legal name and any trade names or “doing business as” (DBA) names

  • The current street address of its principal place of business in the U.S.

  • Its jurisdiction of formation or registration

  • Its taxpayer identification number

  • The name, date of birth, and address of all beneficial owners of the company

  • A unique identifying number from an acceptable identification document, such as a driver’s license issued by a U.S. state or passport

  • An image of the identification document.


Penalties for not reporting timely include a fine of up to $500 per day, up to a maximum of $10,000.

Willful / intentional failure to file is a felony, punishable by up to 2 years in prison. If other anti-money laundering violations are found, the penalty is up to 10 years in prison. 

Schedule time with our team to find out how the BOI requirements affect you.